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Tuesday, August 11, 2020 | History

2 edition of Power plant production of inertial confinement fusion targets found in the catalog.

Power plant production of inertial confinement fusion targets

C. D Hendricks

Power plant production of inertial confinement fusion targets

by C. D Hendricks

  • 371 Want to read
  • 37 Currently reading

Published by Devt. of Energy, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, for sale by the National Technocal Information Service in Livermore, Calif, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Fusion targets (Nuclear physics),
  • Plasma confinement

  • Edition Notes

    StatementC. D. Hendricks, W. L. Johnson
    SeriesUCRL ; 52539
    ContributionsJohnson, W. L. joint author, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiii, 11 p. :
    Number of Pages11
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14885136M

    A reactor of this type would have multiple targets that would be ignited in succession to generate sustained heat production. Scientists estimate that each target can be made for as little as $, making the fusion power plant cost efficient. Inertial confinement fusion (ICF) is an alternative way to control fusion which is based on scaling down a thermonuclear explosion to a small size, applicable for power production, a kind of thermonuclear internal combustion engine. This book extends many interesting topics concerning the research and development on ICF of the last 25 years.

    A key demonstration on the path to inertial fusion energy is the achievement of high fusion yield (hundreds of MJ) and high target gain. Toward this goal, an indirect-drive high-yield inertial confinement fusion (ICF) target involving two Z-pinch x-ray sources heating a central secondary hohlraum is described by Hammer et al. [Phys. Plasmas 6. Current LIFE designs 1,2 focus on lead (Pb) as the primary hohlraum material due to its low cost, low melting point and compatibility with the recycling requirements for minimized material use. A schematic of the power cycle envisioned for a LIFE power plant is shown in Figure a shot rate of ~16 Hz a LIFE power plant will require over five hundred million targets per year.

    Current targets for inertial confinement fusion experiments tend to be one-off designs, with specifications that change according to the experiments being run. In contrast, targets for future IFE power plants will have to have standard, low-cost designs that are mass-produced in numbers as high as a million targets per day per power plant. The Inertial Fusion Technology (IFT) division supports the DOE National Nuclear Security Administration's research in Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) and high-energy-density physics. and related technologies. Using these broad capabilities, the IFT division supplies targets, target systems, and target support services for the DOE and.


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Power plant production of inertial confinement fusion targets by C. D Hendricks Download PDF EPUB FB2

Inertial confinement fusion (ICF) is a type of fusion energy research that attempts to initiate nuclear fusion reactions by heating and compressing a fuel target, typically in the form of a pellet that most often contains a mixture of deuterium and l fuel pellets are about the size of a pinhead and contain around 10 milligrams of fuel.

To compress and heat the fuel, energy is. Get this from a library. Power plant production of inertial confinement fusion targets. [C D Hendricks; W L Johnson; Lawrence Livermore Laboratory.]. Fusion power is a proposed form of power generation that would generate electricity by using heat from nuclear fusion a fusion process, two lighter atomic nuclei combine to form a heavier nucleus, while releasing energy.

Devices designed to harness this energy are known as fusion reactors. Fusion processes require fuel and a confined environment Power plant production of inertial confinement fusion targets book sufficient temperature.

The production and delivery of inertial fusion energy power plant fuel: The cryogenic target Full-scale IFE power plant target injection/tracking experiment. no IFE or inertial confinement fusion cryogenic targets have met all the design criteria such that any one target can be qualified as “ignition quality” in every by: 3.

An inertial fusion power plant is intended to produce electric power by use of inertial confinement fusion techniques on an industrial scale. This type of power plant is still in a research phase. Two established options for possible medium-term implementation of fusion energy production are magnetic confinement, being used in the ITER international project, and laser-based inertial.

LIFE, short for Laser Inertial Fusion Energy, was a fusion energy effort run at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory between and LIFE aimed to develop the technologies necessary to convert the laser-driven inertial confinement fusion concept being developed in the National Ignition Facility (NIF) into a practical commercial power plant, a concept known generally as inertial fusion.

In the fall ofthe Office of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Secretary for Science asked for a National Research Council (NRC) committee to investigate the prospects for generating power using inertial confinement fusion (ICF) concepts, acknowledging that a key test of viability for this concept-ignition -could be demonstrated at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at.

The total amount of power generated by a fusion power plant is set by the net electricity produced per target, but also the number of targets burned per second or hour. The potential for using fusion energy to produce commercial electric power was first explored in the s.

Harnessing fusion energy offers the prospect of a nearly carbon-free energy source with a virtually unlimited supply of fuel. Unlike nuclear fission plants, appropriately designed fusion power plants would not produce the large amounts of high-level nuclear waste that requires.

The Z-pinch fusion energy power plant concept is based upon an X-ray driven inertial confinement fusion (ICF) capsule having a hypothetical yield of 3 GJ with an overall target gain in the range of In the present paper, a combination of analytic arguments, results of radiation-hydrodynamic computational simulations, and empirical.

Light ion beam fusion is an approach to electrical power production in which intense beams of low atomic number ions would be used to drive inertial confinement fusion (ICF) targets to ignition and gain.

We anticipate that an Engineering Test Facility (ETF) designed to demonstrate moderate yield with a repetition rate would be a major step. However, the fuel costs for an inertial fusion power plant are much larger than is typical for the power industry, 6 so there is, financially, very little room for compromise.

As currently envisioned, a viable technology must be capable of producing approximately 1 million targets a day through multiple steps in which each target is. A Panel on Fusion Target Physics ("the panel") will serve as a technical resource to the Committee on Inertial Confinement Energy Systems ("the Committee") and will prepare a report that describes the R&D challenges to providing suitable targets, on the basis of parameters established and provided to the Panel by the Committee.

Unlike magnetic confinement approaches, inertial confinement fusion (ICF) approaches attempt to externally heat and compress fusion fuel targets to achieve the very high temperatures even higher densities required to initiate the nuclear fusion.

For most ICF concepts and approaches, high power lasers are used to compress and heat the fuel. inertial confinement fusion (ICF) in particular as an energy source. It also provides guidance on an R&D roadmap at the conceptual level for a national program focusing on the design and construc - tion of an inertial fusion energy demonstration plant.

Introduction The potential benefits of fusion power. Most magnetic-confinement experiments use copper coils cooled by water.

When scaled up to ITER size, copper coils would consume a large fraction of the electricity generated by the power plant, and the net output of the plant would be reduced. Inertial-confinement fusion is described next in this section. Tritium breeding is the next topic.

Description. The present CRP is the continuity of former highly successful ones, which: Contributed to stimulation and promotion of Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) development by improving international cooperation (Elements of power plant design for inertial fusion energy, –), IAEA-TECDOC; Covered research relevant to development of IFE and to enhance awareness in Member States.

A central feature of an inertial fusion energy (IFE) power plant is a target that has been compressed and heated to fusion conditions by the energy input of the driver. This is true whether the driver is a laser system, heavy ion beams or Z-pinch system.

The IFE target fabrication, injection and tracking programmes are focusing on methods that will scale to mass production. A time-dependent massively-parallel Monte Carlo particle transport calculational module (ParticleMC) for inertial confinement fusion (ICF) applications is described.

The ParticleMC package is designed with the long-term goal of transporting neutrons, charged particles, and gamma rays created during the simulation of ICF targets and surrounding.

Magnetized target fusion (MTF) is a fusion power concept that combines features of magnetic confinement fusion (MCF) and inertial confinement fusion (ICF). Like the magnetic approach, the fusion fuel is confined at lower density by magnetic fields while it is heated into a with the inertial approach, fusion is initiated by rapidly squeezing the target to greatly increase fuel density.

The facilities' secondary mission will be to support development of inertial fusion as a potential fusion energy source for civilian use (2).

Target insertion is one of the technical issues which will need to be addressed before inertial fusion can become a practical energy source, and is one of the issues that can be investigated [email protected]{osti_, title = {Target production for inertial fusion energy}, author = {Woodworth, J G and Meier, W R}, abstractNote = {Inertial fusion energy (IFE) power plants will require the ignition and burn of five to ten fusion fuel targets every second.

The technology to economically mass produce high-quality precision targets at this rate is beyond the current state of the art.An economically efficient power plant burning deuterium-tritium fuel can be built using a powerful heavy-ion accelerator of a new type.

A multilinear cryogenic cylindrical target, 1 cm long, cm in radius, and containing ∼ mg equimolar DT fuel, is studied as an example. The driver-accelerator gives two different target irradiation regimes.